Makkah Al-Mukarramah

 

Masjid Al-Haraam

  • The Holy Ka'aba - The House of Allah and the birth place of Imam Ali b. Abu Taalib (Peace be upon Him) View
  • Hajar Al-Aswad (The Black Stone) View
  • Maqam-e-Ibrahim (Peace be upon Him) View
  • Hijr Ismail - This was the location of the house of Prophet Ismael (Peace be upon Him). He and his mother are buried here. He denied access to anyone because he did not like it to be walked on. Other prophets are also buried in this location. According to Imam Baqir (Peace be upon Him), the place between Rukn and Maqam is full of graves of various Prophets. According to Imam Sadiq (Peace be upon Him), seventy prophets are buried between Rukn Al-Aiman and Hajar Al-Aswad
  • Well of Zamzam View
  • Mizabe Rahmah - The golden trough (water channel) between Rukn Iraqi and Rukn Shami View
  • Shadharwan
  • Mustajar - This is just before Rukn Yamani whilst walking from Rukn Shami to Rukn Yamani. It has also been defined as the area between the Black Stone (Hajar Al-Aswad) and the door of the Holy Ka'aba
  • Mutaawadh or Multazam - The place between Rukn Yamani and the Black Stone (Hajar Al-Aswad) View
  • Hatwim - According to the book Adabul Haramain, this is the place between the door of the Ka'aba and Hajar Al-Aswad. It is called Hatwim "the smasher" because it smashes major and minor sins of the one who seeks forgiveness here. It is said that this is the place where Prophet Adam (Peace be upon Him), was forgiven. According to the book Umrah & Ziyarat, this is the place where Prophet Ismail (Peace be upon Him), his mother and many other prophets are buried. See Hijr Ismail above.
  • Rukn Al-Aiman (right-hand corner of the Holy Ka'aba) - This is opposite the Black Stone behind the House. The Holy Prophet (Peace be upon Him), said, "Whenever I come at this point, I find the angel Jibril is already there before me." Imam al-Sadiq (Peace be upon Him), said, "Rukn al-Aiman is our gate to Paradise". He also said, "In this place is one of the doors of Paradise that has never been closed since it was opened. There is a river from Paradise in which deeds of the servants are dropped." Also called Rukn al-Junubi, it comes before the Black Stone corner.
  • Rukn Shami or Rukn Gharbi - This is the corner of the Ka'aba that comes after Hijr Ismail
  • Rukn Al-Sharqi - This is the corner where Hajar Al-Aswad rests.
  • Rukn Al-Shimali Rukn Iraqi - This is corner that comes after the Ka'aba's door before one reaches Hijr Ismail.
  • Mount Safa - When going to Safa for Sa'y, use the same door that the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon Him) used, which is Bab as-Safa, opposite the Black Stone.
  • Mount Marwa

Jannat Al-Mualla (Cemetery in Mecca) View: 1, 2

Also known as Al-Hajun.

The Holy Prophet (Peace be upon Him) used to visit it frequently. It is the 2nd holiest graveyard after Janatul-Baqi. Those buried here include:

  • Abd Manaf - The great, great-grandfather of the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon Him)
  • Grave of Hashim - The great-grandfather of the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon Him)
  • Grave of Abdul Muttalib - The grandfather of the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon Him)
  • Grave of Amina - The mother of the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon Him). According to another source, Amina is buried in Abwa (between Mecca and Medina) - where the 7th Imam (Peace be upon Him) was also born
  • Grave of Abu Talib - The father of First Holy Imam Ali (Peace be upon Him)
  • Grave of Khadija - The first wife of the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon Him) and mother of Sayyidah Fatima (Peace be upon Her)
  • Qasim - The son of the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon Him) who died in his infancy

Amongst the famous scholars buried in the graveyard of Hajun are:

  • Marhum Agha Mirza Muhammad al-Istrabadi - author of Rijal al-Kabir wa Ayat al-Ahkam
  • Sayyid Mir Muhammad Mu'min al-Istrabadi author of Al-Ruj'a. He lived near Mecca
  • Sayyid al-Shahid Mir Zeinul Abideen al-Husseini al-Kashani who was martyred in Mecca and buried in a grave he had chosen himself in the graveyard of Mu'alla. He was amongst those who laid the foundation of the Holy House after it was demolished
  • Sheikh Muhammad son of the author of Al-Maalim. His grave lies near the grave of Khadija (Peace be upon Her)
  • Ibn Sheikh Muhammad - buried beside his father. Used to take a lot of care in matters concerning Ihtiyat (caution) and fear of Allah

 

Jabal Nur -The mount on which the Cave of Hira is found View: 1, 2

Cave of Hira - The cave where the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon Him) used to meditate frequently during the first forty years of his life, and where the first revelation of the Holy Quran was revealed unto him. View: 1, 2

Cave of Thaur - The cave where the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon Him) hid from his enemies when migrating to Medina.

Birth place of the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon Him) - Situated near "Suq Lail" and presently a library by the name of "Maktaba Makkah Al-Mukarramah".

The house of Khadija (Peace be upon Her) and the birth place of Fatima (Peace be upon Her) - This is where the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon Him) lived until he migrated to Medina. It is also where Khadija (Peace be upon Her) died and where Fatima (Peace be upon Her) was born. It is also the place where the Meccan's had planned to kill the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him) on the night of Hijrat and Ali Ibne Abi-Talib (Peace be upon Him) slept in his place.

The arch angel Jibrail used to descend with revelations from Allah (God) to the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon Him) here as well.

The house of Ibrahim (Peace be upon Him), and the son of the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon Him) who died in his infancy.

The house of Abu Talib (Peace be upon Him), the father of Ali (Peace be upon Him).

Masjid Jin

Masjid Bilal

Mount Abu Qubais - In close proximity to this place is where the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon Him) performed the miracle of splitting the moon in two.

Saraf - About two farsakhs from Mecca, Maimuna, the wife of the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon Him) is buried there.

Feel - Near Mecca, Abdullah b. Ismail b. Badhee's grave is to be found. He was amongst the companions of the 5th, 6th, 7th and 8th Imams, may peace be upon Them.

Fakh - Another place for pilgrimage is the graveyard of the martyr's of Fakh - it is the name of a place which used to be Miqat-e-Swibyaan. At this place, approximately one hundred people from the descendants of Fatima (Peace be upon Her), the daughter of the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon Him), lost their lives at the hands of the people of Musa Al-Hadi Al-Abbasi.

Muhaddith Al-Qumi quotes the 9th Holy Imam Al-Jawad (Peace be upon Him) as having said that after Taf, there had been no other fatal and destructive battle as the one at Fakh. Du'bal also mentions Fakh in one of his poems.

Useful Maps for Pilgrims to Mecca & Medinah